Distance Education or distance
learning is introduced for the students who are interested to do some
educational courses or higher education but are physically unable to attend
regular classes in their respective universities. Under some correspondence
school and colleges that offered them the opportunity to do these courses, they
achieve their goal and get a chance to enhance their educational level.
According to the previous history
India begin distance education in the year 1728. The concept of distance
education was launched in Boston. The first distance education course in the
modern sense was provided by Sir Isaac Pitman in the 1840s. The University of
London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees,
establishing its External Programme in 1828. The distance learning programme of
University of London becomes a popular university at that time.
Development of Distance education in higher studies in India.
Education for higher education in India was initiated in the form of
Correspondence Courses in 1962, in response to the ever- increasing demand for
higher education which could not be met by the conventional system. The Delhi
University established a School of Correspondence Courses and Continuing
Education in 1962. Encouraged by the success, the Education Commission
(1964-66) recommended the expansion of correspondence education for various
purposes. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) formulated
guidelines for introducing correspondence courses in Indian Universities. Three
more Institutes of Correspondence Studies were established in the late sixties.
Twenty one more universities introduced correspondence programmes during the seventies.
In the early eighties seven more universities started
institutes of correspondences studies. At present there are 45 universities
including four deemed universities offering correspondence programmes in the
In the history
of distance education Andhra Pradesh government gave a lead to the country by
setting up the Andhra Pradesh Open University (now renamed as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Open University) at Hyderabad in 1982. In 1985, the Govt. of India, through an
Act of Parliament established the Indira Gandhi National Open University
(IGNOU) which is responsible for determining and maintaining standards of
distance education and bringing about coordination among all distance education
institutes including the open universities all over the country in addition to
functioning as University for open learning and distance education programmes.
From just a handful of students in 1962-63 the enrolment in correspondence
courses rose to about 65,000 students in 1975-76. During the last fifteen years
the annual growth rate of enrolment in open universities and the institutes of
correspondence studies attached to conventional universities has been
appreciably higher than in the conventional universities and in 1990-91 it was
approximately 600,000. The proportion of students enrolled in distance
education has steadily increased from 2.6% of the enrolment in higher education
in 1975-76 to 11.5% in 1990-91. During 1992-93 the enrolment for distance
education programmes was over eight lakhs. In the recent the no of students in
distance education is more than ten lakhs.
verses Regular Education.
After completion of graduation, that
is nowadays the minimum qualification to apply for a job, students may
interested to do post graduation also to specify their field of education and
to increase their knowledge and level of education. To fulfill this urge they
can do their post graduation in two ways:-
education gives classes on a regular basis in a highly specific way and
consumed a lot of time. To pursue post graduation is become impossible for the
student who is working. Either they have to do their job or they have to do
this matter, Distance Education acts as a ray of light in the darkness for the
working students, especially for those, who have responsibilities to look after
their families. In some cases they are the only earning member of the family.
gives them a proper way to structure their educational field. Those students
who are interested to continue their higher education accordingly with their
job can easily do without any extra effort.